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WTO must complete an ambitious fisheries subsidies Agreement
This letter originally appeared in npj Ocean Sustainability on Friday 2 February 2024.
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The World Trade Organization (WTO) achieved a significant milestone in June 2022 by adopting a much-anticipated fisheries subsidies agreement1, aligning with strong recommendation from the global scientific community2. This pivotal agreement marks a crucial advance towards ensuring the sustainability of our ocean. For the first time, it establishes binding global regulations compelling governments to assess the legality and sustainability of the fishing activities they subsidize. Harmful subsidies are a key driver of overfishing which is a major threat to ocean biodiversity3. Subsidies also exacerbate CO2 emissions from fishing sectors by incentivizing over-capacity4 and putting coastal livelihoods and food security at risk5. Within this agreement, trade ministers committed to further negotiations on unresolved matters. Such matters include crafting new regulations to diminish subsidies contributing to overfishing and excessive fishing capacity that have given some countries an unfair advantage in exploiting the ocean6. Removing harmful subsidies and therefore overfishing, will help to rebuild diverse fish populations, subsequently leading to increased levels of sustainable catches, and income for fishers. Rebuilt fish populations would also help reduce carbon emissions7,8.

With an upcoming ministerial meeting in February 2024, WTO members are uniquely positioned to institute additional regulations that eliminate harmful subsidies, demonstrating their dedication to safeguarding the ocean and charting a more sustainable and equitable pathway forward with a commitment to more equitable trade.

We, a coalition of scientists representing all inhabited continents, urge the WTO to conclude the second round of negotiations by adopting ambitious regulations prioritizing fisheries sustainability and equity. (...)

305 signees

Signed by:

1. U. Rashid Sumaila
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
2. Lubna Alam
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
3. Patrizia R. Abdallah
Instituto de Ciências Econômicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande
Brazil
4. Denis Aheto
Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, University of Cape Coast
Ghana
5. Shehu L. Akintola
Fisheries Department, Lagos State University
Nigeria
6. Justin Alger
University of Melbourne
Australia
7. Vania Andreoli
School of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia
Australia
8. Megan Bailey
Marine Affairs Program, Dalhousie University
Canada
9. Colin Barnes
Centre for Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Governance, University of Cambridge
UK
10. Abdulrahman Ben-Hasan
Department of Marine Science, Kuwait University
Kuwait
11. Cassandra M. Brooks
Environmental Studies, University of Colorado
USA
12. Adriana R. Carvalho
Department of Ecology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
Brazil
13. William W. L. Cheung
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
14. Andrés M. Cisneros-Montemayor
School of Resource and Environmental Management, Simon Fraser University
Canada
15. Jessica Dempsey
Department of Geography, University of British Columbia
Canada
16. Sharina A. Halim
Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI) Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
Malaysia
17. Nathalie Hilmi
Department of environmental economics, centre scientifique de Monaco
Monaco
18. Matthew O. Ilori
Faculty of Science, Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Lagos
Nigeria
19. Jennifer Jaquet
Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of Miami
USA
20. Selma T. Karuaihe
Department of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development, University of Pretoria
South Africa
21. Philippe Le Billon
Department of Geography, University of British Columbi
Canada
22. James Leape
Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford University, Stanford
USA
23. Tara G. Martin
Department of Forest and Conservation Science, University of British Columbia, Canada
Canada
24. Jessica J. Meeuwig
Marine Futures Lab, School of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia
Australia
25. Fiorenza Micheli
Stanford Center for Ocean Solutions, Stanford University
USA
26. Mazlin Mokhtar
Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI) Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
Malaysia
27. Rosamond L. Naylor
Center on Food Security and the Environment, Stanford University
USA
28. David Obura
Coastal Oceans Research and Development – Indian Ocean (CORDIO)
Kenya
29. Maria L. D. Palomares
Sea Around Us, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
30. Laura M. Pereira
Global Change Institute, University of the Witwatersrand
South Africa
31. Abbie A. Rogers
Oceans Institute, University of Western Australia
Australia
32. Ana M. M. Sequeira
Division of Ecology and Evolution, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University
Australia
33. Temitope O. Sogbanmu
Department of Zoology, University of Lagos
Nigeria
34. Sebastian Villasante
Department of Applied Economics, University of Santiago de Compostela
Spain
35. Dirk Zeller
Sea Around Us – Indian Ocean, School of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia
Australia
36. Daniel Pauly
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
37. Curtis Suttle
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
38. Isabella Morgante
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
39. Ibrahim Issifu
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
40. Fraser Taylor
Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University
Canada
41. Evgeny Pakhomov
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
42. Jean-Baptiste Thiebot
Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences, Hokkaido University
Japan
43. Kristin Kleisner
Environmental Defense Fund
USA
44. Ema Fatima
Fisheries Economics Research Unit (FERU) & Conservation Decisions Lab, University of British Colombia
Canada
45. Shakuntala Thilstead
Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)
Malaysia
46. Douglas McCauley
Environmental Studies, University of California Santa Barbara
USA
47. Seojong Park
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia
Canada
48. Enric Sala
National Geographic, Pristine Seas
USA
49. Diane Newell
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
50. Louise The
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
51. Emilie Lindqvist
Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
Sweden
52. Juan Carlos Rocha Gordo
Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
Sweden
53. Joachim Claudet
National Center for Scientific Research
France
54. Tyler Eddy
Fisheries & Marine Institute, Memorial University
Canada
55. Ernest Obeng Chuku
Africa Centre of Excellence in Coastal Resilience, University of Cape CoastGhana
56. Diva Amon
SpeSeas
Trinidad and Tobago
57. Philippe Tortell
Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, University of British Columbia
Canada
58. Juliano Palacios Abrantes
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
59. Karin Limburg
Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York
USA
60. Christian Birkel
School of Geography, Universidad de Costa Rica
Costa Rica
61. Garry Peterson
Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
Sweden
62. Kathleen Segerson
Professor of Economics, University of Connecticut
USA
63. Kristina Gjerde
IUCN Ocean Team
USA
64. Thomas Froelicher
Climate and Environmental Phyiscs, University of Bern
Switzerland
65. Hongsik Kim
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
66. Haley Oleynik
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
67. Ilyass Dahmouni
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
68. Jordan Rosenfeld
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
69. Sara Cannon
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
70. Carol McAusland
Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia
Canada
71. Werner Antweiler
School of Business, University of British Columbia
Canada
72. Jean-Baptiste Jouffray
Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
Sweden
73. Frédéric Le Manach
Bloom Association, Directeur scientifique
France
74. Valérie  Le Brenne
Bloom Association, Docteur en Science politique
France
75. Richard Carson
Department of Economics, University of California
USA
76. Hong Yang
University of Reading
UK
77. Kwasi Appeaning Addo
Institute for Environment and Sanitation Studies, University of Ghana
Ghana
78. Nick Dulvy
Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University
Canada
79. Quentin Hanich
Fisheries Governance Research Program, University of Wollongong
Australia
80. Daniel J. Skerritt
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
81. Anna Schuhbauer
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
82. Hanbyeol Jang
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
83. Veronica Relano
Onewater
Germany
84. Lalo Boné Morón
Environmental Defense Fund
Mexico
85. Lucas Brotz
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
86. Syd Ascione
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
87. Allison Cutting
University of British Columbia
Canada
88. Nathan Bennett
Global Oceans, World Wildlife Fund
Canada
89. Minke Tolsma
Institute for Coastal and Marine Research, Nelson Mandela University
South Africa
90. Sari Tuffi
University of Western Australia
Australia
91. Victoria Goodall
Institute for Coastal and Marine Research, Nelson Mandela University
South Africa
92. Abigayil Blandon
Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University
Sweden
93. Mandy Lombard
Nelson Mandela University
South Africa
94. Nicolas Bailly
University of British Columbia
Canada
95. Ayodele Oloko
University of British Columbia
Canada
96. Aleah Wong
University of British Columbia
Canada
97. Priscilla Lopes
Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
Brazil
98. Dana Miller
Oceana, PhD marine conservation
Ireland
99. Loic Jacquemot
University of British Columbia
Canada
100. Santiago de la Puente Jeri
University of British Columbia
Canada
101. Alejandra Vegas
Institute for Coastal and Marine Research, Nelson Mandela University
South Africa
102. Julia Adelsheim
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
103. Tara Bonnesse
Nelson Mandela University
South Africa
104. Colette Wabnitz
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
105. Natasha Melo Buckiewicz
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
106. Sarah Foster
University of British Columbia/ Stanford University
Canada/USA
107. Peter Verburg
Institute for Environmental Studies, VU University Amsterdam
Netherlands
108. Dwight Owens
Ocean Networks Canada, University of Victoria
Canada
109. Julia K. Baum
Coastal Climate Solutions Leaders, University of Victoria
Canada
110. Kathryn Matthews
Oceana, Chief Scientist
USA
111. Marta Flotats Aviles
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
112. Callum Roberts
University of Exeter
UK
113. Alessandro Tavoni
University of Bologna
Italy
114. Natalie Ban
School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria
Canada
115. Thomas Okey
School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria
Canada
116. Edéya Orobiyi Rodrigue Pelebe
Africa Centre of Excellence in Coastal Resilience (ACECoR), Centre for Coastal Management (CCM), University of Cape Coast (UCC)
Ghana
117. Brian Crawford
University of Rhode Island
USA
118. Aurélien Paulmier
Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)
France
119. Jason Shogren
University of Wyoming
USA
120. Maria Gasalla
University of Sao Paulo, Oceanographic Institute
Brazil
121. Romola V Thumbadoo
Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Carleton University
Canada
122. Md Monirul Islam
University of Dhaka
Bangladesh
123. Noble Asare
University of Cape Coast
Ghana
124. Evelyn Pinkerton
Simon Fraser University
Canada
125. Ulf Bergström
SLU Aqua
Sweden
126. Véronique Garcon
CNRS Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris
France
127. Jennifer Silver
Department of Geography, Environment and Geomatics, University of Guelph
Canada
128. Nina Wambiji
Fisheries Scientist
Kenya
129. Jennifer Dianto Kemmerly
Monterey Bay Aquarium
USA
130. Andreea L. Cojocaru
University of Stavanger
Norway
131. Ola Flaaten
UiT The Arctic University of Norway
Norway
132. Christopher Anderson
University of Washington
USA
133. Nancy Doubleday
McMaster University
Canada
134. Clare Fitzsimmons
Newcastle University
UK
135. Juan Jose Alava
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, The University of British Columbia
Ecuador
136. Olanrewaju Badmus
World Aquaculture Society African Chapter - West Africa Region
Nigeria
137. Marie Auger-Méthé
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, The University of British Columbia
Canada
138. Kai M. A. Chan
Institute for Resources, Environment & Sustainability, University of British Columbia
Canada
139. Josefin Sundin
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Sweden
140. Joeri Scholtens
University of Amsterdam
Netherlands
141. Katina Roumbedakis
EqualSea Lab, University of Santiago de Compostela
Spain
142. Max Troell
Beijer Institute and Stockholm University
Sweden
143. Simon Allen
University of Bristol
UK
144. Anne Morée
University of Bern
Switzerland
145. Johanna Sophie Zimmerhackel
University of Western Australia
Australia
146. Apugo Confidence
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
147. Shanta Barley
University of Western Australia
Australia
148. Jesunimofe Adegoke
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
149. José Abreu
University of Coimbra
Portugal
150. Daniel Abiola
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
151. Toheeb Adesina
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
152. Lawrence Okoh
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
153. Junaid Abiola
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
154. Dorcas Motunrayo
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
155. Shukurat Olabisi
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
156. Precious Mukolu
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
157. Chris Parsons
Exeter University
UK
158. Gabriel Vianna
Charles Darwin Foundation
Ecuador
159. Godfrey Baidoo-Tsibu
Fisheries Consultant
Ghana
160. Sarah Hameed
Marine Conservation Institute
USA
161. Jessica Gephart
Univesity of Washington
USA
162. Catarina Frazão Santos
University of Lisbon, marine sciences
Portugal
163. Franck Hollander
researcher, World Wildlife Fund
Germany
164. Jonathan Mitchell
Oceans Institute, The University of Western Australia
Australia
165. Nicola Smith
Concordia University
Canada
166. Riley Pollom
Species Recovery, Seattle Aquarium
USA
167. Umair Shahid
marine biology, WWF
Pakistan
168. Taina Goncalves Loureiro
University of Western Australia
Brazil
169. Serena Donadi
Aquatic Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Sweden
170. Liam Campling
Queen Mary University of London
UK
171. Philipp Kanstinger
marine fisheries, World Wildlife Fund
Germany
172. Qazeem Olowookere
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
173. Christian Möllmann
Hamburg University
Germany
174. Ekundayo Gbenga
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
175. Michael Olafimihan
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
176. Usman Ibrahim
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
177. Lanre Badmus
World Aquaculture Society
Nigeria
178. Taner Yildiz
Istanbul University
Turkey
179. Ifesinachi Okafor-Yarwood
University of St Andrews, Scotland
UK
180. Donovan Campbell
The University of West Indies
Jamaica
181. Paolo Cortelezzi
School of Biological Sciences, The University of Western Australia
Australia
182. Ola Renman
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)
Sweden
183. Catalina Reyes-Vargas
Universidad de los Andes
Colombia
184. Jang Kyun Kim
Incheon National University
South Korea
185. Chris Vogliano
Food System Sustainability Expert, PhD
USA
186. Birgit Koehler
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)
Sweden
187. Richard Barichello
University of British Columbia
Canada
188. Janette Bulkan
University of British Columbia
Canada
189. Sveinar Soldal
Institute for Resources, Environment & Sustainability, University of British Columbia
Canada
190. Amanda Vincent
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, The University of British Columbia
Canada
191. Jaden Phillips
University of British Columbia
Canada
192. Jessica Mukiri
University of British Columbia
Canada
193. Sylvie Yang
University of British Columbia
Canada
194. Sali Bache
Public Policy PhD
Australia
195. Thomas Noack
Fisheries science, PhD
Germany
196. Kushank Bajaj
University of British Columbia
Canada
197. Vyvyan Summers
Marine Futures Lab, School of Biological Sciences, University of Western Australia
Australia
198. Charly Phillips
Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability, University of British Columbia
Canada
199. Rachel Zuercher
Interdisciplinary fisheries science, Monterey Bay Aquarium
USA
200. Gillian Ainsworth
University of Santiago de Compostela
Spain
201. Benjamin Dudouet
EqualSea Lab, University of Santiago de Compostela
Spain
202. Arne Kinds
University of Santiago de Compostela
Spain
203. Guilherme Suzano
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
204. Andreas Oschlies
GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
Germany
205. Bassirou Diarra
Fisheries, Co management & local development
Senegal
206. Bruno Bautil
BIOMARES
Belgium
207. Stella Williams
Mundus Maris asbl
Nigeria
208. Cornelia Nauen
Mundus Maris asbl
Belgium
209. Annabelle Bladon
International Institute for Environment and Development
UK
210. Külli Kangur
Estonian University of Life Sciences
Estonia
211. Stephen Cody
Suffolk University Law School
USA
212. Maria Beger
University of Leeds
UK
213. Ignacio Gianelli
EqualSea Lab, University of Santiago de Compostela
Spain
214. Isaac Nyameke
University of Alaska-Fairbanks
USA
215. Misty MacDuffee
Wild Salmon Program, Raincoast Conservation Foundation
Canada
216. Valerie Zimmerman
Institute for Resources, Environment, and Sustainability; University of British Columbia
Canada
217. Sol Milne
Wolf Fish Ltd
UK
218. Md. Nurul Islam
University of Rajshshi
Bangladesh
219. Cheuk Ho Wu
Swire Institute of Marine Science, University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
220. Jeremiah Glenn Jansalin
Quantitative Analytics
Philippines
221. Jasper Mendoza
Quantitative Analytics
Philippines
222. Luisa Abucay
Quantitative Analytics
Philippines
223. Patricia Yap
Quantitative Analytics
Philippines
224. Vina Angelica Parducho
Quantitative Analytics
Philippines
225. Amit Sarkar
Ocean Biogeochemistry
India
226. Olufemi Soyinka
Department of Marine Sciences, University of Lagos
Nigeria
227. Griffin Carpenter
Consultant
Belgium
228. Abigail Ogunlade
Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
Nigeria
229. Precious Agbeko Mattah
Centre for Coastal Management, University of Cape Coast
Ghana
230. David Hardisty
University of British Colombia
Canada
231. Akeem Sikiru
Federal University of Agriculture Zuru
Nigeria
232. Osas Adeniyi
Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
Nigeria
233. Jean-Pierre Gattuso
National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS)
France
234. Carolyn Faithfull
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Sweden
235. Francois Mosnier
Planet Tracker
UK
236. Nazli Demirel
Istanbul University
Turkey
237. Miriam L Diamond
University of Toronto
Canada
238. Taiwo Akintade
Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta
Nigeria
239. Abubakar Favour
Lagos State University,ojo
Nigeria
240. Noora Mustamäki
Department of Aquatic Resources, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Sweden
241. Mafaniso Hara
University of the Western Cape
South Africa
242. Adereti David
Federal University of Agriculture Abẹ́òkúta
Nigeria
243. Semilore Azeez
Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta
Nigeria
244. Pablo Marquet
Universidad Católica de Chile
Chile
245. Josephine Olayinka-Olagunju
Adekunle Ajasin University
Nigeria
246. Saleem Mustafa
Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Malaysia
247. Pearl Sakyi-Djan
Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, University of Cape Coast
Ghana
248. Mohd Talib Latif
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Malaysia
249. Abdulwakil Saba
Lagos State University
Nigeria
250. Friedrich Burger
Climate and Environmental Physics, University of Bern
Switzerland
251. Tom Staveley
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Sweden
252. Akeem Babatunde Dauda
Federal University Dutsin-Ma Katsina State
Nigeria
253. Patrick Kimani
Coastal and Marine Resource Development (COMRED)
Kenya
254. Juan Camilo Cardena
Universidad de los Andes
Colombia
255. Sarah Otto
University of British Columbia
Canada
256. Isa Elegbede
Lagos State University
Nigeria
257. Folalu Awe
Lagos State University
Nigeria
258. Claire Kremen
University of British Columbia
Canada
259. Valerio Bartolino
Department of Aquatic Resources, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Sweden
260. Sidney Fels
University of British Columbia
Canada
261. Diane Srivastava
University of British Columbia
Canada
262. Abe Woo
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Malaysia
263. Joshua Adotey
Africa Centre of Excellence in Coastal Resilience, Centre for Coastal Management
Ghana
264. Matias Margulis
University of British Columbia
Canada
265. Sally Aitken
Department of Forest and Conservation Sciences, University of British Columbia
Canada
266. Sahir Advani
University of Maine
USA
267. José María Da Rocha
University de Vigo
Spain
268. Ibukun Adewumi
Sustainable Development Reform Hub, University of New South Wales
Australia
269. Travis Tai
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Canada
270. Derek Armitage
University of Waterloo
Canada
271. Lincoln Hood
Tangaroa Blue Foundation
Australia
272. Lauren Shea
Institute for Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
USA
273. Heather Gordon
University of British Columbia
Canada
274. Edward Gregr
Institute for Resources, Environment, and Sustainability, University of British Columbia
Canada
275. Gabriel Reygondeau
University of Miami
USA
276. Szymon Surma
Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, University of British Columbia
Canada
277. Gert van Santen
Fisheries development and management, World Bank (ret.)
Netherlands
278. Rachelle Beveridge
University of British Columbia
Canada
279. Patrick Pata
University of British Columbia
Canada
280. Jeffrey McLean
Social Scientist, Stantec
Canada
281. Ekow Attom Prah
University of Cape Coast
Ghana
282. Sarah Harper
Coastal First Nations - Great Bear Initiative
Canada
283. Natacha Legrix
University of Bern
Switzerland
284. Amadou Tall
Fisheries governance and blue economy consultant
Senegal
285. Yimeng Zhang
University of British Columbia
Canada
286. L. Ylenia Randrianarisoa
University of Toamasina
Madagascar
287. Tronje Kemena
GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
Germany
288. Rhoda Lims Diyie
CSIR, Water Research Institute
Ghana
289. Ellen Pikitch
Institute for Ocean Conservation Science, Stony Brook University
USA
290. Marivic Pajaro
Daluhay Daloy ng Buhay, Inc.
Philippines
291. Mary Ann Bimbao
Quantitative Analytics
Philippines
292. Mir Sujaul Islam
UKM Malaysia
Malaysia
293. Ndeumeni Elodie Delor
International Polytechnic of Science and Technology (IPOSTEC)
Cameroon
294. Roger Pullin
Manx Wildlife Trust
UK
295. Subramaniam Karuppannan
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND RESEARCH ASSOCIATION OF MALAYSIA (ENSEARCH)
Malaysia
296. Mohd Hafiyyan Mahmud
Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI) Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
Malaysia
297. Chai Hoon Koo
Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia
298. Lokman Hakim Sulaiman
International Medical University
Malaysia
299. Ramdzani Abdullah
Retired Environmental Scientist
Malaysia
300. Maisara Mustaffa Kamal
Environmental Science Sdn Bhd
Malaysia
301. Jupikely James Bin Silip
Universiti Malaysia Sabah
Malaysia
302. Justin Liew
Sustainable Development Solutions Network
Malaysia
303. Edmund MacMiller
Natural Resources and Environment Board, Sarawak
Malaysia
304. Sujjat Al Azad
University Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Malaysia
305. Ling Ling Tan
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Malaysia

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References and notes

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  2. Sumaila, U. R. et al. WTO must ban harmful fisheries subsidies. Science 374, 544–544 (2021).
  3. Brondízio, E.S., Settele, J., Díaz, S. & Ngo, H.T. The global assessment report of the intergovernmental science-policy platform on biodiversity and ecosystem services (IPBES, 2019).
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  7. Prellezo, R., Da-Rocha, J. M., Palomares, M. L. D., Sumaila, U. R. & Villasante, S. Building climate resilience, social sustainability and equity in global fisheries. npj Ocean Sustain. 2, 10 (2023).
  8. Da-Rocha, J. M., García-Cutrín, J., Prellezo, R. & Sempere, J. The social cost of fishery subsidy reforms. Mar. Policy 83, 236–242 (2017).